Another Machaut patron revisited

A decade after I blogged about a web-only version of my paper proposing the Melun brothers as possible Machaut patrons, a revised version has been published in print.

The original version of this thesis was deemed unsuitable by Gesta because it was too much about music and unpublishable by JAMS because it was too little about music. Feeling that it was simply one of those articles that needed to be out there but which the current configuration of university disciplines was never going to permit to be in a peer-reviewed journal, I self-published it online.

That version has been relatively widely used and cited by Machaut scholars in the years since 2012, so when the editors of a festschrift for the great Machaut scholar Lawrence Earp asked me to offer something, I eventually thought that an updated version of this paper might work well. This volume has now appeared and is exceptionally handsome, with plenty of fully integrated colour reproductions, including in my chapter where they have dutifully put the two recto MS pages on book rectos so that a reader re-experiences at least some of what a reader of the manuscript being discussed would experience.

Elizabeth Eva Leach, ‘Seeing Sens: A Picture of Two Guillaumes and Two Brothers?’

in Manuscripts, Music, Machaut: Essays in Honor of Lawrence Earp, ed. Jared C. Hartt, Tamsyn Mahoney-Steel, and Benjamin L. Albritton. (Turnhout: Brepols, 2022), 291–307.

Sadly I can’t offer an electronic offprint (I don’t have one) but I hope that you might be able to request this very beautiful book to your librarian if you want to read the many wonderful essays in it.

Vernacular song (list A) lecture 1

This page hosts the audio for the first of my six ‘podlectures’ on Vernacular Song for List A Compulsory Topics (final year exams) at Oxford, delivered in this form because of ongoing restrictions caused by the current pandemic. It also gives links to some further reading and things mentioned in the audio.

NB: These podlectures form only part of the Vernacular Song topic as taught at Oxford, which is significantly supplemented by additional teaching in tutorials that demand extensive reading, essays, and presentations.

Podlecture 1: The Troubadours 1

Good general reading

  • Akehurst, F. R. P. and Judith M. Davis, eds. A Handbook of the Troubadours. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.
  • Gaunt, Simon and Sarah Kay, eds. The Troubadours: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
  • Rosenberg, Samuel N., Margaret Switten, and Gérard Le Vot, eds. Songs of the Troubadours and Trouvères: An Anthology of Poems and Melodies. New York and London: Garland, 1998 [book contains a CD of some of the music].
  • Stevens, Butterfield and Karp, ‘Troubadours, Trouvères’, Grove Music Online (2001),

Referring to individual troubadour songs

  • Pillet, Alfred, and Henry Carstens. Bibliographie der Troubadours. Halle (Saale): Max Niemeyer, 1933.

On the music

  • Aubrey, Elizabeth. The Music of the Troubadours. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
  • Switten, Margaret, ed. The Cansos of Raimon de Miraval: a Study of Poems and Melodies. Cambridge, MA, 1985.

Handy access to poems and translations

Information about recordings

Information about manuscript images online


Check you know what, who, or where these are:

  1. vida
  2. razo
  3. coblas dobla
  4. Occitan
  5. Jaufre Rudel, or, if you have a subscription, try Grove online
  6. Bernart de Ventadorn, or, if you have a subscription, try Grove online
  7. senhal, and, if you have good Italian and are feeling generous, why not translate this page for English Wikipedia as the best thing in English is paywalled on Grove Music Online.
  8. PC numbers
  9. Eleanor of Aquitaine
  10. Beaumont Palace, Oxford


File:Carta Occitania.pdf