The online resource Gallica is adding stuff all the time — it’s hard to keep up. This post is about their coverage of some of the main medieval monophonic song books.[NB: now updated to include sources outside Gallica!]
I’m teaching medieval monophonic song to undergraduates at the moment and I always ask them to critique modern editions in the light of the complex source situation, especially for the troubadour and trouvère repertoire. They report finding Gallica quite hard to navigate, so I’ve designed this blogpost for them so that they can at least be directed to some of the troubadour and trouvère sources.
I found information and updates on Gallica’s holdings from various posts on Dominique Gatté’s social network site for medieval musicology. It’s really worth joining — despite its URL, it’s not just for chant! They send a lot of emails, but you can opt to have them aggregated into a daily digest (recommended).
The links below are to a few of the troubadour and trouvère chansonniers with melodies (and without) that are on Gallica (as well as some from other libraries; manuscripts of vernacular song repertoires from other linguistic traditions, can be found via a recent blogpage on Gatté’s site; for German repertoire, see my post here).
NB: The sigla are particular to troubadour OR trouvère sources; so troubadour C is not the same as trouvère C; and some single physical sources do double duty, so trouvère M is troubadour W!
Trouvère A (F-AS 567).
Trouvère B (CH-BEb 231). This was originally part of the same MS as Trouvère L (see below).
Trouvère C (CH-BEb 389). Laid out with staves for musical notation, but no notes entered.
Trouvère D (D-F Ms. lat. fol. 7). A single folio survives from what was clearly a larger codex.
Trouvère F (GB-Lbl Egerton 274; also =motet manuscript LoB).
Trouvère H (I-MOe R 4, 4; also =Troubadour D). [no musical notation]
Trouvère L (F-Pn fr. 765). This was originally part of the same MS as Trouvère B (see above).
Trouvère b (I-Rvat reg. lat. 1522). [no musical notation]
Trouvère c (CH-BEb A.95). Contains 18 jeux-partis, some incomplete because of damage to the source. [no musical notation].
Trouvère d (GB-Ccc, MS 450). Three songs on pp. 264–5 (=fols 133v–134r). No music notation.
Trouvère f (F-MO H236).
Trouvère g (F-Pn, fr. 1593).
Trouvère j (F-Pn n.a.fr. 21667). This source comprises two folios of a fragment of a songbook with musical notation.
Trouvère m (F-Pn lat. 11412) One song, with text underlaid to staves and musical notes entered into the first system (fol. 103v).
Trouvère za (Zagreb, Metropolitan Library, MR 92) [no musical notation]. Not online in the usual way, but links to black-and-white images of the MS accompany the text transcriptions here.
Trouvère alpha (E-E S.1.3). This has notated songs as part of Matfre Ermengaud’s Breviari d’Amour. 14thC.
A full listing of Occitan sources by Courtney Joseph Wells can be found here.
Troubadour D (I-MOe R 4, 4; also =TrouvH) [no musical notation]
Troubadour I (F-Pn fr.854) [no musical notation]; 2nd half of 14thC, 858 songs with razos.
For a more complete list, see this pdf of a now defunct page by Rob Wegman, kindly supplied by Justin Eiler here.